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高考英语语法填空11招

时间:2022-01-07    点击: 次    来源:网络    作者:网校一点通 - 小 + 大


历年考点



高考语法填空题考查过的考点有:时态和语态、非谓语动词、助动词、形容词、副词、名词、冠词、代词、介词、连词、连接词、关系词、祈使句。

这些考点共涉及到《英语课程标准》中的19个语法项目,暂时在高考中没有考到的语法项目有:数词、省略、倒装、强调、虚拟语气。另外,动词中的情态动词以及除一般现在时、一般过去时和现在完成时外的时态目前均没有在高考中考查过。释放潜能的关键不是力量,也不是智慧,而是不断地努力。





11招,巧解语法填空



本题型分两种情况:一种为有提示词,一种为无提示词。今天胡老师给大家分享11个破解语法填空的实用技巧,助你高考英语语法填空轻松拿高分!



1

有提示词题型



这种考查形式主要考查词性转换、名词单复数变化、形容词或副词的比较级与最高级变化、动词的时态和语态(含主谓一致)以及动词的非谓语形式。这类题同样需先判断设空处在句中的功能,其次再确定该用什么形式。

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 

  1 提示词是动词  



动词的变化是语法填空题考查的重点之一。提示词为动词时可能考查谓语动词、非谓语动词或名词等。



a. 考查谓语动词时需考虑时态、语态、主谓一致等。如:

Steam engines ________ (use) to pull the carriages and it must have been ...

解析:此处描述的是1863年伦敦地铁的情况,主语Steam engines是复数,且是谓语动词use所表示动作的承受者,故填were used。

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

b. 考查非谓语动词时需考虑用动词-ing形式、过去分词还是不定式,同时还要考虑非谓语动词的时态和语态。如:

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

【例1】My ambassadorial duties will include ________ (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research centre ...  

解析:设空处作宾语,且表示多次重复发生的动作,故填introducing。

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

【例2】Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal ________ (create) special designs.

解析:workers与create之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,且此处表目的,故填to create。

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

c. 考查名词时需注意名词的数。如:

Magically, that show remains the Great Jason's best ________ (perform) to this day.

解析:由the Great Jason's best可知设空处应填名词且意为“表演”,再根据that show remains可知应用单数形式,故填performance。

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

  2 提示词是形容词  

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

此时可能考查提示词的反义词、副词、比较等级或名词等。



a. 考查提示词的反义词时需根据文章逻辑判断。如:

A person's weight is private, and making comments about it is definitely considered ________ (polite).

解析:由private(私密的)可知,评论别人的体重被认为是不礼貌的,故填impolite。

3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

b. 考查副词时,设空处修饰动词、形容词或整个句子。如:

The title will be ________ (official) given to me at a ceremony in London.

解析:设空处修饰谓语动词,故填副词officially。

3.T3.There is no denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认

c. 考查比较等级时,应考虑用比较级还是最高级。如:

If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别) those of ________ (great) and less importance.

解析:and连接并列成分,由and后的less可知应填great的比较级greater。此处意为“识别较重要的和不太重要的”。

的……)he denying that + 主语 + 谓语……(不可否认的……)

d. 考查名词时,需注意名词的数。如:

In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their ________ (able) to “air condition” a house without using electric equipment.

解析:设空处意为“能力”,即不用电器就能调节室温的这一种能力,故填ability。

4.It is universally acknowledged that 从句 (全世界都知道……)

  3 提示词是副词  

4.It is universally acknowledged that 从句 (全世界都知道……)

此时可能考查比较等级或其反义形式。如:

【例1】We've been describing New Zealand as a rock star in the sense that it has been doing ________ (well) than almost all of the other developed world economies over the past couple of years.

解析:由than可知此处需填比较级,且此处意为“做得更好”,故填well的比较级better。

4.It is universally acknowledged that 从句 (全世界都知道……)

【例2】He was well hidden, but at last he was ________ (luckily) found.

解析:由well hidden和but可知,此处意为“不幸地被发现了”,故填unluckily。



  4提示词是名词  



此时可能考查名词的数或形容词。如:



a. 名词的数通常需要根据主语、谓语、定语等来判断。如:

【例1】This trend ... has had some unintended side ________ (effect) such as overweight and heart disease — the very thing the medical community was trying to fight. 

解析:由some及overweight and heart disease可知,“这个趋势有一些没有预料到的负作用”,故填effect的复数形式effects。



【例2】It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible ________ (crowd) on the roads above ...

解析:由形容词terrible和括号中的crowd可知,此处应填名词,意为“人群”;作此义项讲时crowd是可数名词,再结合句意可知应填其复数形式crowds。



b. 形容词通常作定语或表语。如:

As ________ (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly ... 

解析:设空处作定语修饰名词architects,故填natural(天生的)。



2

无提示词题型



这种形式考查的内容主要是冠词、介词、助动词、连词、关系词和固定结构等。因为没有提示词,所以考生需要根据一些固定结构、短文大意、上下文的逻辑关系及对一些长难句结构的分析来确定所填内容。



  5 考查冠词  



主要考查冠词的基本用法及短语中的冠词。如:

The nursery team switches him every few days with his sister so that  while one is being bottle-fed, ________ other is with mum — she never  suspects.

解析:短语one ... the other ...意为“一个……另一个……”,符合题意,故填the。



  6 考查介词  



主要考查介词的基本用法及短语中的介词。如:

Drinking my iced coffee I ran my fingers along the streets ________  the hotel to the opera hall.

解析:此处意为“从……到……”,故填from。



  7 考查助动词  



需要找出所缺成分并考虑时态。如:

Then the driver stood up and asked, “________ anyone lose a suitcase  at the last stop?”

解析:由asked和问号可知引号中内容是个疑问句,同时分析句子结构可知设空处需填助动词,再由句中的last stop可知句中的谓语应用一般过去时,故填Did。



  8 考查连词  



包括并列连词和从属连词。如:

I made my way backstage just ________ the great magician was putting  on his top hat.

解析:设空处引导状语从句,且此处意为“正当……时”,故填as / when。



  9 考查连接词  



包括连接代词和连接副词。如:

It's amazing ________ often people say “If I can help just one  ...”.

解析:设空处引导主语从句,且修饰often,故填how。



  10 考查关系词  



关键在于分析句子结构并找出先行词。如:

... the ring ... was spread over the garden, ________ it remained  until the carrot's leafy top accidentally sprouted (生长) through it.

解析:设空处引导非限制性定语从句修饰先行词garden,且在从句中作地点状语,故填where。4.It is universally acknowledged that 从句 (全世界



  11  考查固定结构  



包括固定短语和句型。如:



Pahlsson screamed ________ loudly that her daughter came running from  the house. 

解析:分析句子结构可知,此处考查so ... that ... 句型,意为“如此……以致于……”。so修饰副词loudly。



3

牛刀小试



阅读下面的短文,在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。



What can you do if shops don’t sell the clothes you want? How can you  get the clothes you want if you don’t have much cash? 



Young 1. ________ (create) people in the UK have always come up 2.  ________ ways to express their individuality through their clothes. “Printing  your own T-shirt is 3. ________ easiest and most common way to adapt clothes,”  John said. “You don’t have to make a T-shirt. You can buy a cheap T-shirt and  add an image of your choice.”



Everyone 4. ________ (know) students don’t have a lot of money. That  doesn’t have to be a problem if you’ve got a bit of 5. ________ (imagine) and a  sewing machine. “Once I found a pair of trousers 6. ________ I liked but I  couldn’t afford them. I bought some cloth of the same colour and copied the  trousers, 7. ________ (use) my mum’s sewing machine,” Corinne said. “I went back  to the shop wearing my homemade trousers 8. ________ (see) if they were the same  as the ones in the shop. And I thought they were much better!”



Buying second-hand clothes is another fashion option for many young  Brits to get individual styles. “I 9. ________ (real) love changing second-hand  clothes. I can make skirts shorter or longer. Sometimes I just change all the  10. ________ (button) to give clothes a new look. By adapting these clothes you  can be sure you will always have something original as well as cheap,” said  Helen.



  答案及解析:



1. creative。考查形容词作定语的用法。设空处修饰people,表示“有创造力的”,故填creative。

2. with。考查介词。come up with意为“想出”。

3. the。考查定冠词。形容词最高级前常用定冠词the。

4. knows。考查一般现在时。由语境可知,know所表示的动作是对一般情况的描述,应用一般现在时,又因为主语是Everyone,故填knows。

5. imagination。考查名词。设空处作of的宾语,表示“想象力”,故填imagination

6. that / which。考查关系代词。设空处引导限制性定语从句修饰 a pair of trousers,且在从句中作liked的宾语,故填 that /  which。

7. using。考查动词-ing形式作状语的用法。I 与use之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,且use所表示的动作与谓语动词copied所表示的动作同时发生,故填using。

8. to  see。考查不定式作状语的用法。“我穿着自制的裤子回到商店”的目的是“看看他们跟店里的是不是一样”,故填to see。

9. really。考查副词。设空处修饰动词love,表示“非常”,故填really。

10. buttons。考查名词复数。由前面的all可知,应用名词复数,故填buttons。

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