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八年级英语上册第七单元语法知识点

时间:2020-11-12    点击: 次    来源:网络    作者:网校一点通 - 小 + 大

语法:will+动词原形

一般将来时
如果我们想描述将来的事情或表达对未来的预测等,我们可以用一般将来时表达,它的动词形式是:“will+ 动词原形”。例如:
There will be a computer on every desk in thefuture. 未来每个桌子上都将有一台电脑。
It will rain tomorrow. 明天将要下雨。
We will go to school on foot. 我们将步行去上学。

1. 一般将来时的否定形式
一般将来时的否定形式,是在will 后面加 not 或用 won’t。例如:
There will not be a computer on every desk inthe future.
= There won’tbe a computer on every desk in the future.
未来每个桌子上都将没有一台电脑。

2. 一般将来时的否定形式
It will not rain tomorrow.
Itwon’t rain tomorrow.
明天将不会下雨。
Wewill not go to school by bus.
Wewon’t go to school by bus.
我们将不乘公交车去上学。

3. 一般将来时的一般疑问形式及其肯定、否定回答:
这个时态的一般疑问形式,是将will提到句首,并在句尾使用问号。肯定回答用will,否定回答用缩略式won’t。例如:
Willthere be a computer on every desk tomorrow? Yes, there will. / No, there won’t.
未来每个桌子上都将有一台电脑吗?
是的,将有。/不,将没有。
Willit rain tomorrow?
Yes,it will. / No, it won’t.
明天将会下雨吗?是的,将会。/不,将不会。
Willwe go to school by bus tomorrow?
Yes,it will. / No, it won’t.
明天我们将乘公交车去上学吗?
是的,将会。/不,将不会。

语法练习

一、品句拼词:
根据句意及所给首字母提示,写出所缺单词,使句意完整通顺。
1. The two pictures are notthe same. There are five d_________ between them.
2. Taking exercise can keepyou strong and h_________.
3. Her teeth hurt, and shehas gone to see a d_________.
4. Spring Festival is at_________ Chinese festival.
5. There are sixtym_________ in an hour.
6. —Is the concert indoorsor outdoors?
—It d_________ on the weather.
7. Tony has shown a lot ofi_________ in learning Chinese.
8. In my v_________, he isthe best student in our class.
9. There are two footballm_________ on TV this afternoon.
10. —Is that your owncomputer, or do you r_________ it?

二、随机应变:
根据句意,用所给词语的适当形式填空。
1. They have _________homework than you. (little)
2. English is a _________tool for you to know the world. (use)
3. Anyone without _________can’t attend the meeting. (invite)
4. They all go to school on_________ every day. (foot)
5. I got up _________ thanyou this morning. (early)
6. Her job is _________ forothers. (babysit)
7. More and more _________are coming to our country. (tour)
8. This hospital has many_________ doctors. (woman)
9. You’d better have a _________diet and it will keep you in good health. (balance)
10. Mrs. Johnson is very _________, and she often forgets to take the keywhen she leaves home. (forget)

三、妙手回春:
下列各句中下划线的部分均有一处错误,请找出并改正。
1. I’m sorry I forgot doingmy homework yesterday evening. And I’ll do it after class. ________
2. Most of the young peoplehere like traveling by the boat. ________
3. Please keep quietly! I’mtrying to study for the math test. ________
4. Although it was verycold, but he went out without a coat. ________
5. This computer is too muchexpensive. I can’t afford it. _________
6. Thanks for teach us sowell. You are a great teacher. ______
7. We just finished to cleanthe classroom. ________
8. She thinks my brother iskinds of cool. ________
9. He is a funny boy. Healways makes us to laugh. ________
10. She thought about toplay tennis, but she decided to go fishing at last. ________

参考答案

一、品句拼词:
1. differences 2. healthy 3.dentist
4. traditional 5. minutes 6.depends
7. interest 8. view 9.matches 10. rent

二、随机应变:
1. less 2. useful 3.invitation 4. foot
5. earlier 6. babysitting 7.tourists
8. women 9. balanced 10.forgetful

三、妙手回春:
1. doing →to do
2. by the boat → by boat或in a boat 3. quietly → quiet
4. 去掉but  5. too much→ much too或去掉much
6. teach → teaching 7. toclean → cleaning
8. kinds of → kind of 9. tolaugh→ laugh
10. to play → playing

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