高中英语强调句知识点

强调句知识点总结(一)

高考英语语法贯穿在高考英语选择题、改错题、高考英语作文中,在进行阅读理解和完形填空时也用得到。可以说单词是英语学习的基础、语法是英语学习的架构。高考英语语法不难,总结起来也就十几点,在听课和做题中不断揣摩其中的规律,再反过来通过题目精炼。

强调的类别 说 明 例 句
It is (was) +被强调部分+that(who)… 为了强调句子的某一成分(通常是主语、宾语或状语),常用强调结构:

It is (was) +被强调部分+that(who)…

表示强调的it在这种结构的

句子中作主句的主语。

原始句:Last night I saw a film in the Youth Palace.

强调主语:It was I that (or: who) saw a film in the Youth Palace last night.

强调宾语:It was a fiml that I saw in the Youth Palace last night.

强调地点状语:It was in the Youth Palace that I saw a film last night.

强调时间状语:It was last night that I saw a film in the Youth Palace.

一般讲,原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来各种时态,用It is…that (who)…;如果原句谓语动词是过去各种时态,则用It was… that(who)…。

注意点 ①在强调主语时,that后的谓语动词要与被强调者保持人称和数的

It is I who am a teacher.

②即使被强调的主语是复数,主句中的谓语动词也用单数

It is they who often help me with my lessons.

③在强调时间、地点、原因、或方式状语时,不要用when,where,why

或 how ,而用that

It was because her mother was ill that she didn’t go with us.

④在强调not … until 结构中由 until 短语(或从句)表示的时间状语时,

要用固定的强调句型

It is(was) not until …that…。that 从句中的谓语动词用肯定式。

My father didn’t come home until 12 o’clock last night.

It was not until 12 o’clock last night that my father came home.

⑤在强调一般疑问句中的某一成分时,主句要用一般疑问句的语序:

把is/ was提到it前面。

Did this happen in Beijing?

Was it in Beijing that this happened?

⑥特殊疑问句中只有疑问词可以强调,其强调结构是“被强调部分(通

常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/was + it + that/ who + 其它部分?”

Where were you born?

Where was it that you were born?

⑦not …until…句型的强调句[来源:学|科|网Z|X|X|K]

句型为:It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其它部分

原始句:He didn’t go to bed until/ till his wife came back.

强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed.

此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until可通

用;因为句型中It is/ was not …已经是否定句了,that后面的从句

要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

谓语动词的强调 It is/ was … that …结构不能强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时,用助动词do/ does或did。 Do sit down. 务必请坐。

He did write to you last week.上周他确实给你写了信。

Do be careful when you cross the street.

过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!

此种强调只用do/doesdid,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。

 

      强调句知识点总结(二)

一、基本定义

强调句(The Emphatic Pattern)是一种修辞,是人们为了表达自己的意愿或情感而使用的一种形式。通过各种方式对句子中的某个部分进行强调,从而起到修辞的作用。 英语常用的强调结构是”It is (was)+被强调部分(主语、宾语或状语)+who (that)…”。一般说来,被强调部分指人时,用who;指事物时用that,但that也可以指人。在美国英语中指事物时常用which来代替that。

  二、常用句型

1. 陈述句的强调句型

It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其他部分。

例子 It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.

 2. 一般疑问句的强调句型

同上,只是把is/ was提到it前面。

例子 Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?

 3. 特殊疑问句的强调句型

被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/ was + it + that/ who + 其他部分?

例子 When and where was it that you were born?

 4.not … until … 句型的强调句

A. 句型为:It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其他部分

普通句:He didn’t go to bed until/ till his wife came back.

强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed.

B. 注意:

此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until可通用;因为句型中It is/ was not … 已经是否定句了,that后面的从句要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

 5.谓语动词的强调

A. It is/ was … that … 结构不能强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时,用助动词do/ does或did

Do sit down. 务必请坐。

Do be careful when you cross the street. 过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!

B. 注意:

此种强调只用do/ does和did,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。

  三、强调形式

常见到的强调形式,共有以下七类:

 ⒈用do\does\did + V可表强调

Some people do believe that nuclear power poses a threat to the world peace.

⒉adv或adj可表强调:Never \ only\ Very

This is the very question that deserves careful analysis.

⒊双重否定可表强调

Taking part-time jobs is never without drawbacks.

 ⒋what引导的主从可表强调

What really matters is cooperation.

 ⒌倒装可表强调(凡是倒装都可以表示强调)

Little do people take into account the seriousness of this problem.

 ⒍比较状语从句可表强调

Nothing is more imperative than to learn from the past.

⒎强调句型可表强调

It is \was +被强调部份+ that \ who +原句剩余部份

It is stability that destroys people’s ambition and barricades people’s steps.

  四、注意事项

that后的强调句如果是原因状语从句,从句只能用because引导,不能用since,as或why。

It was because the water had risen that they could not cross the river。

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